Instructions for Manuscript Submission

  • Manuscripts can be submitted as a Word document to the managing editor (email address). Please make sure that the submitted manuscript is the final version, not a draft, as it is not possible to make radical changes further along in the process.
  • Please note that your contribution should contain between 8.000-10.000 words, including an abstract, up to five keywords and footnotes.
  • Use as little formatting as possible for the text, and use only bold and italics to mark paragraph headers. All lay-out specifications are taken care of by the graphic designer.
  • Use only one font and refrain from using hyphenation and headers or footers.
  • If the Word document contains illustrations other than tables (including figures, photographs, drawings, etc.), kindly also deliver them as separate files if possible (preferred formats are: .jpg/jpeg, .eps and .ai). Label each picture and clearly indicate where it should be placed. Illustrations should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi. Please note that most images from the Internet cannot be used because of their low resolution and because they may be copyright protected, and that the journal will be printed in black and white.
  • Always ensure that previously published material (including images) is either free of use or that (written) permission for its use has been granted.

Abstract, Keywords and Affiliation

Authors are further requested to submit their affiliation (profession and place of work), a short abstract (max. 200 words) of the article and five keywords together with their article. This information will also feature on our website.


Spelling follows the Oxford English Dictionary or the Concise Oxford Dictionary. If there is a choice we prefer the endings -ize and -ization as opposed to -ise or -isation.

References (Citations)

Please provide full references in the footnotes at first mention, and shortened references for repeat citations:

A. Books
Author, Title, Edition, Place of publication, Publisher, Year, Page.
Example: H. Fraser & R. Joyce, The Federation House: Australia’s Own Style, 2nd ed., Sydney, Lansdowne Press, 1986, pp. 420-425.

B. Articles
Author, ‘Title of article’ (between single quotes), Periodical, Volume, No., (Month and) year, Periodical pages.
Example: R.A. Goldthwaite, ‘The Florentine Palace as Domestic Architecture’, American Historical Review, Vol. 77, No. 4, 1972, pp. 977-1012.

C. Contributions in Compilations and Edited Volumes
Author, ‘Title of article’ (between single quotes), in Editor’s name (Ed.), Title Volume, Place of publication, Publisher, Year, Page.
Example: M. Akehurst, ‘Humanitarian Intervention’, in H. Bull (Ed.), Intervention in World Politics, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1979, p. 99.

D. Newspaper Articles
Author, ‘Title of article’ (between single quotes), Paper, Date, Page.
Example: A. Lewis, ‘The War Crimes Tribunal Works’, International Herald Tribune, 31 July 1995, p. 5.

E. Unpublished Theses etc
J. Smith, German Reunification (LLM theses on file at the EUI, Florence).

F. Repeat Citations
Author last name, Year of publication, Page.
Example: Baker, 2002, p. 420.


  • Authors may use up to four levels of section headings:
    A Part One
    III First Subheading
    2 Second Subheading
    a) Third Subheading
    In headings, all nouns, verbs and adjectives should begin with capital letters.
  • Use of italics: Italics may be used to indicate emphasis. Additionally, terms or phrases from other languages that are not established in English (e.g. rechten) can also be italicized. Titles of books, films, newspapers, magazines, journals and plays should also be placed in italics. Do not italicize words from other languages that have been established in English (e.g. per se, en route, Zeitgeist).
  • A (short) quotation in the text can be put between double quotation marks (“…”). A quotation within a quotation is put between single quotation marks (‘…’). If a quotation is longer than 30 words, please leave out the quotation marks, indent the quotation and insert an extra line between the lines above and below the quotation.
  • Always put foot- and endnote numbers in the text after the last punctuation mark.
For example: … done.9